#15 FACILITATE THE ELECTORAL RIGHTS PROTECTION PROCESS TO VOTERS AND PARTICIPANTS TO THE ELECTIONS
The process of protection of the right to vote should not only be efficient, but must be simple, and without too much formality, especially with regard to the merits of appeals (VC I.3.3.b). All candidates and all voters registered in the constituency must have the right to appeal (I.3.3.f.), and the right of the appellant to be heard must be protected. (I.3.3.h). In order for these standards to be met, it is necessary to undertake the following:
a. Enable timely verification of the use of personal data of voters
In the 2020 elections, voters were allowed for the first time to check the excerpt from the Voters’ Register in two ways: to perform a direct inspection, and to ask the REC whether they had voted. The REC also responded to voters’ inquiries regarding whether the voter had given a supporting signature to any of the lists. It is necessary to continue with this practice, but also to submit the requested information in a timely manner, for which there should be binding deadlines prescribed by the REC Instructions, because non-response to verification requests deepens suspicions of the election rigging.
b. Enable sending complaints electronically
In the previous period, thanks to the application of the provisions of the new Law on General Administrative Procedure, it was allowed to send complaints electronically, and therefore the CRTA, after the election for councillors of the Belgrade City Assembly, marked this recommendation as fulfilled. The CRTA has no information on whether in 2020 the REC acted on electronically signed submissions, nor whether such submissions were sent to the REC during the election process. The status of the recommendation will be changed if new findings become available.