The Republic of Serbia has been defined by the Constitution from 2006 as a state based on the rule of law and the principles of civil democracy, with the National Assembly as the supreme representative body and holder of constitutional and legislative power in the Republic of Serbia, through which citizens exercise their sovereignty. The Constitution among its principles highlights the rule of law, which is exercised by the division of power into legislative, executive and judiciary, whose relationship is based on a system of mutual “control” and balance.

Right of free access to information which, after a certain period of time, has been distinguished as a separate right from the freedom of expression, right of privacy (private and family life) and right to fair trial as the fundamental human rights, have been established as the result of the development of modern legal state and participatory democracy, a citizen being the “fourth power” and an active participant in social processes.

With the adoption of the Strategy for the Development of the Public Information System (hereinafter referred to as “Media Strategy”) in September 2011, the Republic of Serbia initiated the media reform and set up the foundations of
“information system in the Republic of Serbia and parts of that system to ensure that the development of the freedom of the media and the media market contributes to the strengthening of democratic relations in society”.

The Constitution and the Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly (NA) prescribe the procedure for amendment of the Constitution.1 The authorised proposers are at least one third of the total number of deputies, President of the Republic, Government and minimum 150,000 voters. The responsible committee establishes whether the proposal made by the authorised proposer is in the prescribed form,  including the reasoning.

Without understating the importance of other independent institutions, the citizens are mostly referring to the Ombudsperson and the Commissioner for the Protection of Equality for the purpose of protecting their human rights. On the one hand, this results from the scope of work of these institutions and on the other it stems from the fact that the procedures before these authorities are free-of-charge for the citizens and they are devoid of strict and formal requirements which are by default included in other procedures for exercising the rights’ protection.

ACTION SEE provides a platform for dialogue and a concrete tool for measuring the degree to which state institutions uphold principles and standards of open governance through its Index of Openness. The project aims to increase the inclusion of civic society and media organisations in decision-making processes and the creation of public opinion and policies, as well as to raise the capacity of civic societies to address sensitive issues.

In cooperation with partners from the regional network NGO “ActionSEE”, the Centre for Research, Transparency and Accountability (CRTA) prepared the index of openness of institutions in which we analyze a level of transparency, openness and accountability of the local self-government in the Western Balkans region in 2017.

In cooperation with partners from the regional network NGO “ActionSEE”, the Centre for Research, Transparency and Accountability (CRTA) prepared the index of openness of institutions in which we analyze a level of transparency, openness and accountability of the judiciary in the Western Balkans region in 2017.

In cooperation with partners from the regional network “ActionSEE”, the CRTA has prepared a proposal of practical policies in which levels of transparency, openness and accountability of the legislative power in the West Balkans region were analysed. The proposal is a result of a comprehensive research, based on methodology, undertaken by the members of the network ActionSEE in previous months in all West Balkans countries.

In cooperation with partners from the regional network NGO “ActionSEE”, the Centre for Research, Transparency and Accountability (CRTA) prepared the index of openness of institutions in which we analyse a level of transparency, openness and accountability of the executive power in the Western Balkans region.